Varela C, Moreira J, Kocaoglu B, Dura-Bernal S, Ahmad S. A mechanism for deviance detection and contextual routing in the thalamus: a review and theoretical proposal. Front. Neuroscience, 2024 February 28.


Varela C, Wilson MA. Reversal learning: It’s just a phase. Curr Biol. 2022 Aug 8;32(15):R849-R851. https://doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2022.06.045.

Becker LA, Penagos H, Flores FJ, Manoach DS, Wilson MA, Varela C. Eszopiclone and Zolpidem Produce Opposite Effects on Hippocampal Ripple Density. Front Pharmacol. 2022 Jan 11;12:792148. https://doi: 10.3389/fphar.2021.792148.


Desai NV, Varela C. Distinct burst properties contribute to the functional diversity of thalamic nuclei. J Comp Neurol. 2021 Dec;529(17):3726-3750. https://doi: 10.1002/cne.25141.


Varela C, Wilson MA. mPFC spindle cycles organize sparse thalamic activation and recently active CA1 cells during non-REM sleep eLife 9:e48881.


William G Coon, Mario Valderrama, Carmen Varela, Valentina Amaya, David Henao, Robert Stickgold, Matthew Wilson, Dara Manoach, 0100 Human Sleep Spindles Coupled To Hippocampal Sharp Wave Ripples Have Characteristic EEG Features, Sleep, Volume 42, Issue Supplement_1, April 2019, Page A41,


Penagos H, Varela C, Wilson MA. Oscillations, neural computations and learning during wake and sleep. Curr Opin Neurobiol. 2017 Jun;44:193-201. https://doi: 10.1016/j.conb.2017.05.009. 


Varela C, Weiss S, Meyer R, Halassa M, Biedenkapp J, Wilson MA, Goosens KA, Bendor D. Tracking the Time-Dependent Role of the Hippocampus in Memory Recall Using DREADDs. PLoS One. 2016 May 4;11(5):e0154374. https://doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0154374.


Duan AR, Varela C, Zhang Y, Shen Y, Xiong L, Wilson MA, Lisman J. Delta frequency optogenetic stimulation of the thalamic nucleus reuniens is sufficient to produce working memory deficits: relevance to schizophrenia. Biol Psychiatry. 2015 Jun 15;77(12):1098-107. https://doi: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2015.01.020.

Wilson MA, Varela C, Remondes M. Phase organization of network computations. Curr Opin Neurobiol. 2015 Apr;31:250-3. https://doi: 10.1016/j.conb.2014.12.011.


Varela C. Thalamic neuromodulation and its implications for executive networks. Front Neural Circuits. 2014 Jun 24;8:69. https://doi: 10.3389/fncir.2014.00069.

Varela C, Kumar S, Yang JY, Wilson MA. Anatomical substrates for direct interactions between hippocampus, medial prefrontal cortex, and the thalamic nucleus reuniens. Brain Struct Funct. 2014 May;219(3):911-29. https://doi: 10.1007/s00429-013-0543-5. 


Varela C. The gating of neocortical information by modulators. J Neurophysiol. 2013 Mar;109(5):1229-32. https://doi: 10.1152/jn.00701.2012.


Varela C, Sherman SM. Differences in response to serotonergic activation between first and higher order thalamic nuclei. Cereb Cortex. 2009 Aug;19(8):1776-86. https://doi: 10.1093/cercor/bhn208.


Varela C, Sherman SM. Differences in response to muscarinic activation between first and higher order thalamic relays. J Neurophysiol. 2007 Dec;98(6):3538-47. https://doi: 10.1152/jn.00578.2007.

Varela C, Sherman SM. The effects of modulatory systems in sensory thalamic nuclei. BMC Neurosci. 2007 Jul 6;8(Suppl 2):P129. https://doi: 10.1186/1471-2202-8-S2-P129.


Lam YW, Cox CL, Varela C, Sherman SM. Morphological correlates of triadic circuitry in the lateral geniculate nucleus of cats and rats. J Neurophysiol. 2005 Feb;93(2):748-57. https://doi: 10.1152/jn.00256.2004.


Rivadulla C, Martínez LM, Varela C, Cudeiro J. Completing the corticofugal loop: a visual role for the corticogeniculate type 1 metabotropic glutamate receptor. J Neurosci. 2002 Apr 1;22(7):2956-62. https://doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.22-07-02956.2002.